Join Date: Jun 2014
Location: Los Angeles, CA
I always kept my rats with wood shavings - do NOT use cedar, as it can cause respiratory problems, which rats are prone to.
Rats are highly intelligent and social, and will value your interactions with them, and their interactions with each other. They will be stressed and their health may decline if housed separately. You'll want to make time to play with them for at least 30 minutes a day (although this doesn't have to be all at once).
If you haven't sexed them yet, it's fairly obvious if they're male or female, since males have very large testicles. They do breed very fast, so if you ended up with a mixed sex couple, you'll end up with a million, million babies unless you separate them. If you did end up with a mixed couple, you'll probably want to re-home one and get a second of the same sex as the one you kept. They shouldn't be aggressive, and can be happily housed all male or all female.
I've never had any success "potty training" a rat. They do just kinda poop everywhere. lol.