Plant Profiles - Page 2 - Betta Fish and Betta Fish Care
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post #12 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 02:58 PM Thread Starter
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Duckweed




General info


Type: floater
Max Height of plant:
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Growth Speed: fast
Propagation: Will divide by itself
Color:

Duckweed is a hardy floating plant that reproduces very fast; it can easily cover the surface of almost any aquarium within several days. Regular (weekly) removal of excess plants is necessary to prevent total coverage of the water surface. It is quite attractive when it occurs among other floating plants. Most aquarists acquire Duckweed as "hitchhikers".

It is a high nutrient-requirement plant, thus particularly useful in new aquaria and "natural" filtration of water; if this plant does not grow well, it is a certain sign of nutrient deficiency in the water.


This plant tends to be easily dragged into the filter by the current.

- contributor: Byron

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post #13 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:40 PM Thread Starter
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Giant Duckweed
Spirodela polyrhiza




General info



Type: Floater
Max Height of plant:
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low
Color: green, deep green, red
Growth Speed: fast
Propagation: Will divide by itself

This plant is a federal noxious weed (USA), it is illegal to move it outside of your tank.
Fast grower, occasionally sports red undersides.


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post #14 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:46 PM Thread Starter
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Water Spangles
Salvinia minima





General info



Type: Floater
Max Height of plant: N/A
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low-med

Growth speed: fast
Color: light green, green
Propagation: Will divide by itself

Salvinia is a floating fern. This floating plant grows furry little leaves along a central stalk. the leaves does well to repel water off the plant as the plant will die if submerged.



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Quote:
Originally Posted by colorxmexravyne View Post
I have salvinia minima as well and I found that it didn't really start growing until I upped my lighting from a 10watt 6500k CFL bulb to a 14watt 6500k CFL. I also started dosing Tetra Florapride (in addition to Flourish once a week) on a regular basis in that tank at the same time so I don't really know which really helped. Point is, after I made those adjustments, the top of my five gallon was literally covered in about two weeks.


Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 01:17 PM.
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post #15 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:47 PM Thread Starter
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Anacharis
Elodea sp.




General info




Type: Stem plant
Max Height of plant: 12'' +
Max width of plant:1in
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low
Growth speed: fast
Color: dark green, green
Propagation: cut a piece in 3in+ segments, each segment will grow a new plant.

A fast growing cold water plant. Elodea has been observed to melt when introduced to warmer environments without a transitioning process. Otherwise, once established it is a great addition to the aquarium and an ample nitrogen sink. The rapid and often messy growth of this species makes it undesirable in neater aquarium scapes.


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post #16 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:49 PM Thread Starter
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Brazilian Pennywort
Hydrocotyle leucocephala




General info



Type: Stem plant
Max Height of plant: 12'' +
Max width of plant: 3in
Leaf size: 1in
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low
Growth speed: medium-fast
Color: light green
Propagation: cut a node/multiple nodes and replant. each piece will grow a new plant

The Brazilian Pennywort is a interesting species that send out large round leaves along a central stem. This species prefers to the grown floating, and does not root easily in the substrate. Floating pennywort plants will produce leaves with a more pronounced frilled edge.


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post #17 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:49 PM Thread Starter
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Guppy Grass
Najas Guadalupensis




General info



Type: Stem plant
Max Height of plant: 12'' +
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low
Growth speed: fast
Color: dark green, green/brown stem
Propagation: cut 3in+ segments and replant. each piece will grow a new plant

A very hardy stem plant, this species has a tendency to grow in an odd angled slightly zig-zagging formation. Therefore, straight upward growth is impossible for this plant. This is a great plant to leave floating in order to provide cover and hiding places for fry, shrimps and other fish.


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post #18 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:51 PM Thread Starter
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Hornwort
Ceratophyllum submersum




General info



Type: Stem plant
Max Height of plant: 12'' +
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low
Growth speed: fast
Color: -
Propagation: -

Hornwort is a stem plant but one that always floats and never grows roots. The stems may be grouped together and anchored to form a background plant, but portions of the stem buried in the substrate will die and the plant stems will float unless weighed down. Stems can reach a length of more than one metre (3.3 feet). The plant may form rhizoids that are not true roots but do serve to anchor the stem.

Sensitive to chemicals such as excel and H2O2.


- contributor: Byron
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Quote:
Originally Posted by OrangeAugust View Post
Green Myrio
similar to myrio, but the "needles" are singular and it is a darker green color. This plant cannot be planted in the substrate because it will rot. It has to be floating or tied to something. In low light, it lives but doesn't grow quickly.


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post #19 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:52 PM Thread Starter
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Water Wisteria
Hygrophila difformis




General info



Type: Stem plant
Max Height of plant: -
Max width of plant: -
Leaf size: -
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low - medium
Growth speed: medium fast
Color: light green
Propagation: can be propagated from one leaf, or replanted from a trimming.

A beautiful beginner's plant. This plant has rather humble leaves when grown emmersed, but once under water will bring out beautiful submersed frilly leaves. this plant does prefer some good light, but will do fine in low lighting. A variegated version is also circulating in the aquarium hobby.

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Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 11:07 AM.
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post #20 of 29 (permalink) Old 07-11-2013, 09:53 PM Thread Starter
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Amazon Sword
Echinodoras bleherae




General info



Type: Rosette plant
Max Height of plant: -
Max width of plant: -
Leaf size: -
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low - medium
Growth speed: medium
Color: light green - green
Propagation: can be propagated by separating a baby plant from the mother plant

One of the most common aquarium species of sword plants and one of the most hardy and beautiful. Mid-green leaves numbering anywhere up to 30 arise from the crown and grow out in a fan formation. A deep substrate is needed (minimum 3-4 inches); the root system is large, and will spread vertically and horizontally through the substrate far from the plant.

Echinodorus plants are heavy feeders, and require regular fertilization with a comprehensive liquid fertilizer and/or substrate fertilizer. If the leaves develop yellowing or transparent patches, it is a sign of insufficient nutrients, sometimes but not always iron, as several nutrient deficiencies will cause these conditions. A balanced comprehensive fertilizer is much more preferable to iron fertilization.

E. bleherae will produce an inflorescence (flower stalk), sometimes two or three at the same time and up to six or seven each year, which grow to the surface but underwater develop plantlets from the nodes. It does not send out substrate runners. The plantlets may be detached as new young plants once they develop sufficient roots and leaves, usually within 2-3 months.


-contributor: Byron


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Quote:
Originally Posted by OrangeAugust View Post
Amazon sword- There seem to be a few different types. I have one in my 10 gallon tank that only grew to be about 4 inches, but one in my 55 gallon tank is over 24 inches. I have 2 other plants that were called "Amazon Sword", but the leaves are shaped slightly differently. They are easy to take care of, and do okay in low-light.


Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 11:45 PM.
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