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Old 07-11-2013, 09:53 PM   #21 
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Dwarf Sag
Saggitaria Subulata




General info



Type: Rosette
Max Height of plant: 8in+ (some stay at 3-4in)
Max width of plant: -
Leaf size: -
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Growth Speed: fast
Propagation: Will send out runners to form new plants
Color: green - dark green

A hardy rosette plant that needs very little care. Sagittaria, once established will thrive on absolute neglect. This species propagate via runners, and if the given conditions are optimum, it will tank over the substrate rapidly.





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Old 07-11-2013, 09:54 PM   #22 
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Tiger Lotus
Nymphaea lotus




General info



Type: Rosette
Max Height of plant: -
Max width of plant: -
Leaf size: -
Minimum Lighting for growth: low-med
Color: red or green
Propagation: divide by splitting rhizome on mature plant with many leaves. The rhizome segment should have its own roots

The tiger lotus has a green-leaf and a red-leaf form, known as the Green cultivar and Red cultivar respectively, and these are naturally occurring. Both the red and green cultivars have the same requirements in the aquarium, though the red will have brighter coloured leaves in stronger light.

This species grows well in a plain sand or fine gravel substrate. With an enriched substrate, the plant will produce more leaves and have stronger growth. Flowering may occur with good nutrition and brighter light, provided the floating leaves are allowed to form. These can easily cover the surface, shading the lower plants. The flowers only open at night.


- contributor: Byron

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Quote:
Originally Posted by OrangeAugust View Post
Very pretty pink and green plant with large leaves. It grows VERY quickly and shoots up about 4 lily pads per week. I have to prune it often so that the lily pads aren't blocking the light. I always keep about 5 on the plant, though. I think it would outgrow smaller tanks. my tank it a 55 gallon and the lily pads grow all the way to the top and longer.


Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 11:34 PM.
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Old 07-11-2013, 09:54 PM   #23 
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Water Sprite
Ceratopteris thalictroides




General info



Type: Rosette
Max Height of plant:
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth:
Color:

Water sprite is a floating/rooted aquatic fern. It is probably the easiest aquarium plant to grow when left floating. Due to its rapid growth it quickly assimilates nutrients including ammonia/ammonium and is therefore quite useful in new tanks. It absorbs nutrients primarily through the leaves rather than the roots.


- contributor: Byron

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Old 07-11-2013, 09:54 PM   #24 
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Anubias
Anubias sp.




General info



Type: rhizome
Max Height of plant:
varies with species
Max width of plant:
Leaf size: varies with species
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Propagation: by splitting rhizome with a sharp blade. each piece should have a few leaves on it.

Color: light green (new leaves), dark green(mature leaves)

Anubias is a great beginner plant. All species in the genus have dark green, thick and usually broad leaves. This plant is a good choice for "difficult" situations. It prefers low light and does very well even when shaded by other plants. Most herbivorous fish will not eat Anubias.

Anubias should not be planted in the substrate with the rhizome buried or the plant will deteriorate. Similar to Java Fern, the rhizome should be affixed to wood or rock, the roots should attach the plant in a few weeks.


Algae frequently attaches itself to the leaves of this plant, especially brush algae; keeping it in low or subdued light will help to prevent this.

- contributor: Byron


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Old 07-11-2013, 09:55 PM   #25 
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Java Fern
Microsorum pteropus




General info



Type: rhizome/fern
Max Height of plant:
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Growth rate:
slow
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Color: propagatiion

Java Fern's hardiness and ease of growth make it a good plant for beginning planted tank enthusiasts. It's ability to root on rock and wood means it can be grown where ordinary plants cannot.

The plant grows leaves and roots from a stem called a rhizome; this must never be buried or it will rot. Thread may be used to initially affix the rhizome to a piece of wood or rock, and the roots will attach the plant securely.

This plant assimilates nutrients from the water via the fronds and the roots; black areas on the fronds is a sign of nitrogen deficiency (ammonium and nitrate). Areas of transparency in the fronds means the plant is receiving too much light. This plant does very well under subdued and diffused light. The plant grows slowly, and older fronds that become tattered and blackened may be removed.

Once established, Java Fern reproduces by adventitious plants at the tips of the fronds (leaves). The plantlets may be pulled away from the frond when they have a few fronds and roots; if left, the frond tip will eventually darken and the daughter plant will break away and drift until the roots are able to attach themselves to an object. The plant may also be propagated by cutting the rhizome (ensuring there are a few fronds and roots attached to each piece) and affixing it elsewhere.
- contributor: Byron

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Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 11:21 PM.
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Old 07-11-2013, 09:55 PM   #26 
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Bladderwort
Utricularia gibba




General info



Type:
Max Height of plant:
Max width of plant:
Leaf size:
Minimum Lighting for growth:
Color:


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Old 07-11-2013, 09:56 PM   #27 
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Java moss
Taxiphyllum barbieri




General info



Type: Moss
Max Height of plant: -
Max width of plant: -
Leaf size: -
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Color: dark green

Java moss is great plant to tie to drift wood/rocks etc. Also a wonderful gift for shrimps as they love to pick at the particles that settle in the tiny leaves. A relative fast growing moss that will attach to wood, rocks and substrate. The speed at which this plant attaches is relative to the amount of lighting available. Density of plant growth is also directly resultant of lighting, with higher lighting bringing out tighter growth. When allowed to float this plant will provide hiding places for fry and small fish.


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Last edited by ao; 07-17-2013 at 12:01 AM.
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Old 07-11-2013, 09:56 PM   #28 
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Marimo Moss Ball
Cladophora sp.




General info



Type: algae
Max Diameter: reportedly 12 in but generally 6in
Minimum Lighting for growth: low
Color:bright green- dark green

Marimos are not actually made of moss, but of a species of algae that grows in a spherical shape. In the lakes of Japan, marimos keep their shape by being rolled around in strong currents. To help retain its round shape in a tank, it should be taken out periodically take it out & roll it between your hands. To avoid one side turning brown, marimos also must be turned over occasionally to give both sides of the sphere time in the light. Being an algae, they are sensitive to algaecides and high doses of excel. Overall, they are a cute addition for any low-tech aquarium.

- contributor: Mushumouse

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Quote:
Originally Posted by mushumouse View Post
some petstores sell other mosses as "marimo balls" that have been wrapped around a styrafoam ball (the ones i have seen have been java moss); look closely at its texture. if it's a true marimo it should look like a mat of short soft fur, no leaves or needles attaching to central stems.

you can also let it flatten itself on to the substrate or a piece of driftwood. they absorb almost nothing in the way of nutrients, because they grow so slowly. to reproduce, break one marimo in to smaller pieces and roll them gently in your hands to make them round. keep in mind that it will take a very very long time for small marimos to grow though.


Last edited by ao; 07-16-2013 at 11:22 PM.
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Old 07-17-2013, 12:25 AM   #29 
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Crypt Wendtii
Cryptocoryne wendtii




General info



Type: Rhizome
Max Height of plant: -
Max width of plant: -

Leaf size:
-
Minimum Lighting for growth: Low - medium
Growth speed: slow-medium
Color: light green - darkgreen - red
Propagation: rhizome splitting

Cryptocoryne wendtii is a great beginners plants. Once established, it can survive in many different tank conditions. This species has many different varieties which are vastly different in size color and form. Crypt wendtii "red" for example has a brownish red coloration, as well as ruffled edges.

For those just starting off with crypts of any species, don't be alarmed when your crypt melts upon being introduced to your aquarium. Crypts tend to melt when water conditions shift, disappearing into nothing. They shed their old leaves and produce new ones from scratch that are better suited to the new conditions.

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