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Old 03-18-2011, 07:09 PM   #881 
JKfish
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Well, cycling is incredibly easy, and IMO, fishless cycles are a piece of cake, so I'll walk you through it.

1)Set up your tank and filter the way you want it. (filter MUST be running at all times)

2) Get it up and running with dechlorinated water.
3) Add a piece of raw shrimp (in pantyhose), and leave it in.
4) test once a week for ammonia, nitrItes, and nitrAtes.
5) You should over time see ammonia rise really high, then fall to 0. Once ammonia is 0, you will see the nitrItes rise really high and then fall to 0. Once nitrItes are 0, nitrates will start to show.
6) Once your parameters are ammonia:0 , nitrItes 0, and nitrates: 5+ you are done cycling. (the cycling process can last a while)
7) monitor the water for another three days to make sure the parameters are steady and don't fluctuate.
8) remove the shrimp and do a 70-90% water change.
9) add fish!

Depending on how stocked you are, you might be doing anywhere from 20% water changes weekly to 50% water changes a week. Once a month, take your filter media and swish it through a bucket of old tank water to get it cleaned of muck. The benificial bacteria grows on surfaces (primarily in the filter), not in the water, so don't scrub your tank down.

The bacteria grows well in warmer waters, so during a fishless cycle it is fine to push the heat up to something like 84* F. It also grows slowly in too extreme high or low ph, so expect it to take a while if your ph is extremely high or low.
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Old 03-18-2011, 08:00 PM   #882 
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Further to the great information JK gave you, for testing, it is better to get a liquid test kit than the test strips. API master test is what I and many other here use. A liquid test kit will be more accurate. :)
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Old 03-19-2011, 01:29 PM   #883 
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Agreed. You can get the API master test kit for 20 dollars at walmart.
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Old 03-19-2011, 04:09 PM   #884 
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Question: Will an anti-finrot medication with small amounts of copper in affect an apple snail? (Percy has got mild finrot).
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Old 03-19-2011, 04:15 PM   #885 
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I would go with clean warm water instead of meds. If you want to use meds, remove the snail.
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Old 03-19-2011, 08:01 PM   #886 
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Originally Posted by ollief9 View Post
Question: Will an anti-finrot medication with small amounts of copper in affect an apple snail? (Percy has got mild finrot).
Not 100% sure, but PRETTY sure that copper is deadly to snails & inverts.
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Old 03-20-2011, 02:34 PM   #887 
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Just got a new 2 gallon for CoCo. Its filtered... How often, what percent, should water changes be?
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Old 03-20-2011, 05:16 PM   #888 
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If you leave the filter on all the time, you could pretty much do a fish in cycle, but cycles can be unreliable in such small tanks. I'd guess doing 50% 2 times a week with a gravel vaccuming would be enough, but OFL might have a better answer.
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Old 03-20-2011, 05:21 PM   #889 
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Not 100% sure, but PRETTY sure that copper is deadly to snails & inverts.
Not to worry, several water changes made him better. I think in future I'll stick to water changes unless it gets severe.
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Old 03-21-2011, 11:25 AM   #890 
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Where Can I Buy Purple and Magenta Mystery snails

Where Can I Buy Purple and Magenta Mystery snails? Thanks
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