After being worried for so many weeks and never being sure what is going wrong with my little guy, the signs have finally become apparent enough to diagnose my poor Finley Caviar: he has fin rot. I thought maybe he was a fin biter because only his dorsal fins would have chunks missing. But after the incident where he ate a huge piece of dorsal on accident while eating a pellet, I'm sure the bacteria got to him and spread everywhere.
When I came home from work today I went to feed him as usual, and the first thing I noticed was his ventral fins were half gone! He normally has really long ventral fins, about 1.5 inches. The rest of his anal and caudal fins are all curly and gray, and some even have red colorization like blood along the edges.
I currently have Finley in a 1 gallon quarantine bowl with one java fern and his leaf hammock. I started doing the aquarium salt treatment, too. I also bought a package of frozen brine shrimp and I'm changing his staple food from Top Fin Color Enhancing pellets to Omega One pellets since I heard those are both good for his nutrition. I also heard about good things about garlic juice. I do not have garlic juice at home, but I do have garlic powder
. Would it be good/bad to mix garlic powder and water together and soak the Omega pellets in that instead?
Also, while Finley is in the hospital tank for treatment, what should I be doing to his 5 gallon? Do I completely rinse and clean out the gravel? Do I perform a 100% water change and treat the tank with aquarium salt?
I don't know whether or not cleaning the gravel would be a good idea because all of the good bacteria, so I wanted to ask if that was ok? In an older thread of mine, OFL suggested I remove the filter (which I have), and I've already thrown away the old cartridge. Should I purchase a new cartridge and have the filter running during treatment?
Sorry for all the questions, I'm a first time betta owner struggling to keep her fish alive! All help is so much appreciated! Thank you!!
What size is your tank? 5 gallon
What temperature is your tank? Room temperature
Does your tank have a filter? It does have a filter, but at the moment, it has been removed.
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration? No
Is your tank heated? Yes
What tank mates does your betta fish live with? N/A
What type of food do you feed your betta fish? Top Fin Color Enhancing Pellets and freeze dried blood worms. Recently purchase Omega One pellets and frozen brine shrimp, trying to change his nutrition intake.
How often do you feed your betta fish? Twice per day
How often do you perform a water change? 2-3 times per week
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change? 25-50%
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change? Seachem Prime
Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed? Curly fins, gray/red along edges, torn/frayed fins.
How has your betta fish's behavior changed? Very lazy, stays either on top or bottom of tank, 3 days ago he stopped eating.
When did you start noticing the symptoms? For several weeks, getting worse as the days go on.
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how? Yes, started day 1 of aquarium salt treatment in a quarantine tank.
Does your fish have any history of being ill? Nope, this is the first real incident.
How old is your fish (approximately)? Unknown