Hi all. I am a new betta mom and new to fish keeping in general. I got Cormac McCarthy, betta fish and bestselling author, at a white elephant gift exchange this past Christmas. I've never thought of myself as a hypochondriac but I am just terrified that Cormac has velvet or something else I'm not catching. He has some spots around his face that reflect gold when I shine a light on him. You can kind of see them in this picture, near his gills:
There are more and bigger on his other side, but I couldn't get a clear picture of them. (He was terrified of the camera. Pretty pathetic for a fish who wrote The Road.) He's had these for a couple months now, but I think they may be slowly growing. Does this seem like velvet or just a few shiny scales? Also, I'm concerned that his fins are curling. His pelvic fins were a little curled when I got him, but you can see now that they are practically ringlets. The ends of his other fins are also curling a bit. His tail tore about two weeks ago but after ten days of water changes he seems to be recovering. Could he have fin rot? I'm sure the tear put him more at risk for it.
Also as you can see on my hideous silk plant, I have a bit of algae developing. Will this adversely affect his health?
Thanks for any and all help.
What size is your tank? 2.5 gallons
What temperature is your tank? 80 - 83 degrees F
Does your tank have a filter? yes
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration? no
Is your tank heated? yes, under gravel heater
What tank mates does your betta fish live with? one Zebra Nerite snail
What type of food do you feed your betta fish? Top Fin Betta Bits
How often do you feed your betta fish? Two pellets in the morning, fast on Saturdays (he has trouble with constipation).
How often do you perform a water change? About every 5 days.
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change? 25% - 50%
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change? Aquarium salt, NovAqua Plus water conditioner
Have you tested your water? If so, what are the following parameters?
Nitrite: 0 or close to it
Nitrate: 0 or close to it
Alkalinity: ~ 160
Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed? He has some spots that reflect gold around his face. His fins are becoming more and more curled.
How has your betta fish's behavior changed? He still has a healthy appetite and spends his time building HUGE bubble nests!
When did you start noticing the symptoms? When I first shined a light on him (~ a month and a half ago) I saw the gold spots. I can't tell if they are getting bigger or if I am imagining it. His pelvic fins have been curled since I got him, but lately his anal and caudal fins have started looking curled too.
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how? I always add aquarium salt during water changes. I've been trying to keep his water on the 83 end of 80 - 83 degrees F.
Does your fish have any history of being ill? He tore his caudal fin on the filter intake about two weeks ago (I've since covered the intake with some filter sponge). I did 50% water changes every day for ten days and his fin seems to be growing back nicely -- he has about .75 centimeters of clear growth.
How old is your fish (approximately)? Good question!
Edit: That picture