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Old 05-22-2013, 04:10 PM   #1 
Canis
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Questions from a Noob

I just have a few questions about planted tanks, as I am thinking about converting my 10g.

1. Is substrate like dirt? Do you still need a sand cap?

2. Can you use a sponge filter or would it clog up with sand?

3. What plants are best for this size of a tank that a beginner can work with?

Thanks in advance!
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Old 05-22-2013, 05:19 PM   #2 
jentralala
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Substrate is just whatever you use for the bottom of your tank, it can be gravel or sand, of any type/size. For instance, I have sand in my tanks, so I have a sand substrate. If you have gravel, you have a gravel substrate. It's just a general term.

I have a sponge filter on my 10 gallon planted sand substrate tanks and it works just fine.

Most plants will do fine, though I would stay away from any sword plants as they can grow quite large.

Java Fern and Anubias varieties are all great beginner low-light plants. They can be planted, but google 'how to plant' them first, as if you bury the rhizome they can die. It's easier to just attach them to driftwood/rocks.

Wisteria, Crypts, and Watersprite are also pretty easy plants.

May I ask what lighting you have? Plants need a light around 6500k to grow best. You may also want to look into getting a fertilizer, I recommend 'Seachem Flourish Comprehensive Plant Supplement'.

Good luck :)
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Old 05-22-2013, 05:35 PM   #3 
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Will something like this be okay for substrate in a betta tank?
http://www.petsmart.com/product/inde...AvailInUS%2FNo


And I use these bulbs, I don't have very many details on them though.
http://www.petsmart.com/product/inde...AvailInUS%2FNo

Thanks!
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Old 05-22-2013, 06:14 PM   #4 
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yes that is fine to use and bulbs from packages are a crap shoot they might grow they might not, I must have crap luck because I have never had any grow but I gave up quickly
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Old 05-22-2013, 06:17 PM   #5 
Canis
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They seem to be growing two out of four of the aponogeton bulbs I got at Walmart. It might work?
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Old 05-22-2013, 07:30 PM   #6 
colorxmexravyne
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Floramax is perf for a planted tank. I use it in my 5 and one of my 2.5 gallons as a cap.

You may want to look into getting a better light than that incandescent bulb if you want to grow anything else besides slow growing low light plants (crypts, java fern, java moss, anubias, etc). Most plants prefer 6500k fluroscent lighting because it best mimics natural sunlight.
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Old 05-22-2013, 07:37 PM   #7 
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I think in that case I will get Floramax and stick to low light plants. I really like anubias and java fern. Maybe crypts as well. Thank you everyone!
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Old 05-22-2013, 10:31 PM   #8 
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You can just use a spiral CFL bulb instead of an incandescent. They're generally interchangeable. Walmart sells them, you need one that is either 6500k or 6700k. I use the GE brand, $7 for 3. I would still be hesitant with an incandescent even with low light plants.
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