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Old 11-16-2008, 12:01 AM   #1 
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Question about Double Blacks...

I read on Betta Splendens that to get a Double Black, you need to cross a Melano with a Black Lace. But, it said that Melano and Black Lace females are infertile.

Do you have to get one with the genotype to breed with a 100%? I'm not good with genetics. :(
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Old 11-17-2008, 09:09 AM   #2 
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A genotype includes all of the genes in the betta's DNA and a phenotype is just the genes that are expressed, what you can see in other words. So, a non-melano female might have a genotype for melano offspring, but not a phenotype (she won't be black herself). Melano females are infertile, and therefore the color has to be perpetuated using melano 'carrier' females of other colors. To make sure you get a female carrier, you have to breed a melano male with a multicolor, then breed the offspring, some of which are carriers of melano, but none of which will appear melano. Thats how you get a melano; basically you have to start with a melano to get a decent proportion of melano fish.
I read that black lace females are actually fertile, so when you cross a melano male with a black lace female thats how you get the double black. But I dont know for sure what the percentage of the offspring would be. I suppose you would get more multicolor and melano offspring than phenotypical double black fish because multicolor trait is more dominant than the melano trait, I would guess (based on the typical 9:3:3:1 ratio), around 6 double blacks in a fry batch of 100. Hope this helped.
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