So i've finally been able to give my betta what it deserves and have moved up to a 1.5 gal filtered tank along with several soft pseudo plants. (I know it could be a larger tank but space constrains would only allow a 1.5gal). It has been less than two weeks and I've already done a 25% water change using a tank pump when i started to notice strange black solids forming on the 'clean' side of the filter.
Does anyone have any idea what it is or what it is caused by?
I use a whisper filter.
Also does anyone have tips on cleaning the film that starts to develop on the top of the water after awhile (since the tank pump only cleans substrate and water below the surface), or do we not even need to clean the surface?