Betta Fish Care  
Go Back   Betta Fish and Betta Fish Care > Betta Fish Care
Check out the eBook Betta Fish Care Made Easy
betta fish
Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old 02-07-2011, 11:11 PM   #1 
soichiro
New Member
 
soichiro's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: Minnesota
Exclamation Startling tank issues any advice

Hi guys. I have owned Soichiro for 7 months now and he has always been a happy fellow. He has an Aqueon QuietFlow 10 for a water filter and a 50 watt water heater which keeps his 10 gallon tank nice and warm around 83F. Anyway i have had no issues with Soichiro until tonight. i went to feed him and i noticed the water was a little smelly. took a closer look and there are what look like cob webs floating on the rock molds and coral molds i have in there. i checked the filter which had been in there for 3 weeks and instantly replaced it. however my question is should i go further and clean out the entire tank or should i just let the filter do its job??? now i know when soichiro isnt happy. he never sits on the bottom of the tank he is always on a little lookout perch so seeing him on the bottom of the tank worries me.

please give me some feedback so I can help out my buddy
Attached Images
 
soichiro is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:15 PM   #2 
kfish
Member
 
kfish's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Florida
How often do you change the water?
kfish is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:17 PM   #3 
soichiro
New Member
 
soichiro's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: Minnesota
i have never actually changed the water. every other day i add water to the tank because it just naturally evaporates so I assumed that was an ok thing to do
soichiro is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:24 PM   #4 
kfish
Member
 
kfish's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Florida
Ahh, that's your problem, then.

The "webs" you saw were probably a bacterial bloom.

When you set up a fish tank with a filter and add livestock, the fish tank starts to "cycle." Your fish excretes ammonia through its gills and its waste. When a tank is cycling, bacteria which break down ammonia into nitrite, and nitrite into nitrate start to grow and multiply in the tank. Ammonia and nitrite are very harmful in small concentrations, while nitrate is not harmful in small concentrations and acts as a good nutrient for live plants.

You want to have enough of the bacteria to counteract the ammonia produced by your fish, in order to turn it all into nitrate. After a tank is set up for a bit, a bacterial bloom may occur.

In a cycled fish tank, you never want to replace the filter cartridge (that's where the bacteria live!). You only will have to rinse it off in old tank water that you've removed.

I recommend doing a large water change in your tank. Drain off 75% of the water, and replace it with clean, conditioned water of a similar temperature.

You can empty the water in two ways:
1. Siphon with a gravel vacuum or a bubbler tube. You'll want to vacuum up as much of the waste in the gravel as possible.

2. Stir up the nasties at the bottom of the tank and scoop the water out with a cup into a bucket.

From this point forward, until you're cycled (and even after if you wish), complete at least 2 50% changes per week. I recommend investing in API master test kit if you can afford it, in order to see how far along your tank is in cycling. A tank is cycled when ammonia is 0 ppm, nitrite is 0 ppm, and nitrate is 5-10 ppm.

After a tank is cycled, your goal is to keep nitrate in a comfortable range of 5-10 ppm with weekly 50% water changes.

Last edited by kfish; 02-07-2011 at 11:27 PM.
kfish is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:31 PM   #5 
soichiro
New Member
 
soichiro's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: Minnesota
So let's say I replace 75% of the water. Can my betta still live in the tank or should I have him in a separate tank untill the tank has cycled?
soichiro is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:38 PM   #6 
kfish
Member
 
kfish's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Florida
He can live in the tank as long as you keep up with two or three 50% changes per week. Every tank is different, but you should be safe doing that many.

I successfully cycled my tank with my fish in there. It's a 5 gallon, and I performed two 50%-75% changes per week, depending on the parameters (I used the API master test kit). My goal was to keep ammonia below .25 ppm. You can probably find the ammonia test kit by itself for $9 at Petsmart and Petco.

So for a bigger tank like a 10 gallon, you should be fine with two or three 50% changes a week.
kfish is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:40 PM   #7 
kfish
Member
 
kfish's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Florida
Live plants will also help you in the process. They keep water quality better.

Also, using Prime or Amquel+ as water conditioners (Prime is more cost-effective) will help, as they neutralize small concentrations of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate. The biological filter will still be able to use and convert the chemicals, but your fish won't be harmed as easily.
kfish is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:42 PM   #8 
soichiro
New Member
 
soichiro's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: Minnesota
Wow I wonder why I was able to do what I was doing for so long without changing the water. I didn't notice any bacterial blooms last week and I've had this setup for 7 months. But thanks for your help I will go do that
soichiro is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:45 PM   #9 
kfish
Member
 
kfish's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Florida
Every time you've replaced the filter cartridge, you've started a new mini cycle by removing most of the beneficial bacteria. That's probably why!
kfish is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 02-07-2011, 11:47 PM   #10 
soichiro
New Member
 
soichiro's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: Minnesota
Well I still have the other filter should I just wash it out and put it back in or start from scratch with the new one?
soichiro is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Swim Bladder issues, need advice please. ds2009 Betta Fish Diseases and Emergencies 10 01-23-2011 02:56 PM
Want advice ... sorority tank issues rdolphingirl Betta Fish Diseases and Emergencies 7 05-15-2010 09:50 PM


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 12:51 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.7.4
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.