I have a betta I picked up from the 'damaged fin' shelf at my LFS. His tail had disintegrated to less than a quarter of its original size, and he was very lethargic and unresponsive. After a few weeks at my place his tail was growing back well, and he seemed healthy and on the road to recovery.
Recently however, I noticed he was dropping condition and looking at him from above it was obvious he was getting emaciated in spite of being fed daily. At this point his fins had started to develop tears and were looking even worse than when I purchased him. At the moment he is in a 1 gallon hospital tank with medicine to take care of any possible internal parasites, and I have purchased a high-quality pellet food in case it was a nutrient deficiency causing this.
His tank is 3.5 gallons in size, and cleaned every second day as it's not cycled and I want to ensure there's no build-up of ammonia/nitrite. His diet is frozen brine shrimp, frozen bloodworms, live mosquito wrigglers and whatever other insects I can find in the chook yard. I did have some Ketapang leaves in his tank, but he used to shed his slime coat while they were in there so I removed them.
What I want to know, is what symptoms are present in cases of internal infestations, and if this isn't it, what could be possible other causes for the fin rot and rapid weight loss.