My betta fish is about 2 years old. I recently moved & had to leave him with my sister till we could come back for him. When we did, his tank barely had any water, & was very dirty. No telling when the last time he got fed was. Well, I got his tank all nice & clean & fixed up again. & I noticed that he would either float, or sink, & he is always on his side. When I used to go up to his tank he would frantically swim around (almost as though he was excited to see me). Not anymore! Now, he can barely move. I noticed that his underneath is changing colors. He is a blue & red fish. The color change reminds me of what fished look like when they've died & have been sitting in the water. Its like a white-ish color. He has been like this for about a week now. & about 10 minutes ago, I noticed that a piece of his fin looks odd. Like it has a slime bubble attached to the end of it. Someone help, please. I don't know where to begin to help the little guy & I appreciate any advice anyone has to offer. & if anyone has any clue what could be wrong with him, that would help also. THANKS SO MUCH!
Welcome to the forum! Sorry to hear about your fish. :( It's always really frustrating when you trust someone to take care of your animals only to come back and find that they've not been following your instructions.
We'll need to know some things about your setup before we can tell you effectively how to help your fish. I know there's a lot of questions, but the more we know, the better we can diagnose what might be wrong. Also, if you could take a picture of him somehow, that would be extraordinarily helpful.
What size is your tank?
What temperature is your tank?
Does your tank have a filter?
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration?
Is your tank heated?
What tank mates does your betta fish live with?
What type of food do you feed your betta fish?
How often do you feed your betta fish?
How often do you perform a water change?
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change?
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change?
Have you tested your water? If so, what are the following parameters?
Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed?
How has your betta fish's behavior changed?
When did you start noticing the symptoms?
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how?
Does your fish have any history of being ill?
How old is your fish (approximately)?
What size is your tank? Its very small, I'd say about a gallon. I've been needing to get a bigger one, but haven't been able to afford to do so.):
What temperature is your tank? 70's
Does your tank have a filter? No.
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration? No.
Is your tank heated? No.
What tank mates does your betta fish live with? None.
What type of food do you feed your betta fish? Betta flakes (I recently read these are not good for Bettas).
How often do you feed your betta fish? 2-3 times a day.
How often do you perform a water change? Once a week.
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change? Roughly 70-80%
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change? Water conditioner.
Have you tested your water? If so, what are the following parameters? N/A
Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed? Very slender, discoloration on his belly (white-ish color)
How has your betta fish's behavior changed? Use to be VERY active. Now barely moves, & lays on his side.
When did you start noticing the symptoms? A few days ago.
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how? Don't know where to start.
Does your fish have any history of being ill? No.
How old is your fish (approximately)? I purchased him 2 years ago.
I know this sounds bad, but I didn't know Betta fished needed so much special care until I looked up his symptoms a few days ago (with no luck).
I would really appreciate it if anyone could tell me what needs to be done to his tank or him in general.
I hate watching him suffer.
But I refuse to flush him for various reasons & don't want to euthanize him until I know there is no more fight left & that there is absolutely nothing I can do.
:) I can tell you're a good fish owner. Just misguided.
On this forum, we generally advocate for a tank 2.5 gallons or bigger, with a heater and a filter. The water is generally perfect for a betta at around 78-80 degrees. We find that this setup usually gives the fish the best quality of life. I actually have qualms about putting my fish in anything smaller than a five gallon, but 2.5 works just as well if you keep up on water changes.
In a 1 gallon tank, wastes and toxic chemicals build up extremely fast. I'm not sure how often the water should be changed, but I do know that it's more often than once a week. Your best bet is to get him a 2.5 gallon tank. There are some places that sell 2.5gallon kits for a fairly reasonable price, these come with the tank, a hood and light, and a filter. You'd still need to get the heater. I would do a water change right away in his one gallon and get at least a bigger tank and heater as soon as possible.
Also, instead of 2 or 3 times, try feeding him just once or twice a day and fasting him one day a week. This will help his digestive system. Overfeeding will foul the water and also can cause bloating or constipation in your fish.
Does he have any marks on him, any fuzzy spots, gold dust or weird scales? How do his eyes look, are they normal or do they look bigger than usual? And is it possible for you to get a picture?
Thank you so much for all your help.
I am in the process of moving right now so I don't have my camera or anything with me, & unfortunately my cell phone is cut off till tomorrow.
I will definitely post a picture then.
I just went & shined a brighter light on him to get a better look.
He is a crowntail, & the end of his top fin, there is this clear bubble forming around the end of it. I can still see the fin inside of it, & as you said, it almost looks a little fuzzy.
Almost like a fungus, I am assuming.
His scales around his head & belly are extremely light & shiny.
They were dark & blue before.
I will try to get a picture here in just a second.
Hopefully I can borrow someone's camera.
Bare with me, please.
I hope I did this right.
The first picture is of him when I first got him (so you can see the difference).
It was very hard to get good pictures of his issues.
I'm hoping you will be able to see them.
There is a weird bubble on his fin, & some discoloration near his head.
Yes, he is eating, not near as much as normal.
He was always a very hungry little fish.
& there doesn't seem to be any visible injuries.
Just that weird bubble on his fin.
Now comparing the photos of before & after, its a horrific difference.