Simple Set-up Questions - Page 2 - Betta Fish and Betta Fish Care
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post #11 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-13-2019, 01:42 PM
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Hi Rana!
Please do not over-look Hornwort! It is a beautiful plant that floats freely in the tank and oxygenates and cleans the water. Enjoy your tank!
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post #12 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-13-2019, 11:04 PM
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As an addition to lights, you may wanna use aquarium soil/substrate such as ADA Amazonia or Fluval Stratum.
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post #13 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-14-2019, 08:25 AM
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The necessary things you need to make any aquarium successful, happy and healthy plants and fish are these.

1. No matter how big the tank, water quality. Testing and water changes.

2. If your tank is planted no matter how heavy. Substrate, weather it be sand or Fluorite or any brand in between. Needs to have the nutrients to sustain plants.

3. Lighting is required for all living plants. There are 5 types of lighting. Low light, low to medium light, medium light, medium to high lighting, and last but not least, High light. Different plants have different light requirements. Know what plants need what type.

4. Filtration, every tank needs a filter weather it be a sponge filter, HOB 3-4 stage filter, canister filter (depending on the tank size. ) I would recommend at very least the filter be rated at least 5 times the tank amount of water per hour. I always over filter my tanks mainly because I over crowd the tanks with fish knowingly.Because experience is on my side.

5. Heater. recommended an adjustable heater that can be set to temp. required for the fish in the tank. Also one that has a shutdown built in so the temp never goes into the danger level.

6. Always, before buying any tank know what you have for space requirements so you know what type of tank will fit your needs. Know what fish you want in the tank and know what their needs are. Same with plants. If the research is not done to insure the health of the plants, fish and overall health of the tank, You set your self up to fail. Don't fail Read, ask questions, and ask again until you are sure of your success.

Years ago when there was no internet Us old guys did trial and error. Believe me it not only cost money but also the lives of the fish we were responsible for. With the forum, and the internet You have no excuse not to have the best information available.

Take the advise of the Old guys because we've been there. Every one here has their own opinions and the way they do things. Then there are others that parrot the information they have heard. Information is information Good or bad, Do the research Know what your getting into.

Last edited by Old Dog 59; 03-14-2019 at 08:28 AM.
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post #14 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-14-2019, 11:20 AM Thread Starter
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This is all great advice, thanks! The only thing I'm lacking right now is substrate, but my research suggests that the plants I'm looking at- anubias and possibly java fern- can be grown without being rooted in a substrate, so I'm hoping that's true because I won't be able to get dirt or sand in my tank until after I come home at the end of the semester. But it is something I want to look into when I get the chance, I've never had a dirted tank so it'll be a fun thing to explore. :)


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post #15 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-14-2019, 06:07 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rana View Post
This is all great advice, thanks! The only thing I'm lacking right now is substrate, but my research suggests that the plants I'm looking at- anubias and possibly java fern- can be grown without being rooted in a substrate, so I'm hoping that's true because I won't be able to get dirt or sand in my tank until after I come home at the end of the semester. But it is something I want to look into when I get the chance, I've never had a dirted tank so it'll be a fun thing to explore. :)
You are correct Java fern and Anubis do not need substrate to grow in. instead of floating them you can use superglue and glue them to driftwood or rock. You could also do it the old fashion way and use lite thread, and tie them on the same rock or driftwood until the roots affix them to either.

A dirt tank is a lot of fun so you do have something to look forward to.
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post #16 of 16 (permalink) Old 03-14-2019, 09:45 PM
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You can also anchor Anubias and Java Fern with plant weights. I love these:
https://www.ebay.com/itm/29297774621...m=292977746210

And, if you bought the 12" Stingray you can use it on a 5.5 gallon and not need to upgrade to the 16" model. I know this because I did it. But do get a timer and set the light for eight hours a day.

You can also add Subwassertang and/or Java Moss to give "punch" to your tank. Both will either float or sink. Substrate is unnecessary to grow nice plants...even rooted ones. I have several friends on my FB group that have bare-bottom tanks and successfully grow any number of species of "rooted" plants. I'll see if I can find the photos. Think they are on the other laptop.

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