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Goldfish types

Butterfly Tail Goldfish
Bubble Eye Goldfish
Lionhead Goldfish
Veiltail Goldfish
Oranda Goldfish
Ryukin Goldfish
Black Moor Fish
Ranchu Goldfish
Fantail Goldfish
Wakin Goldfish


What do Goldfish eat?

What do Goldfish eat?

Almost every family has brought home a goldfish or two as “starter pets” for their children to help take care of. They may have even won their Goldie at a state carnival or fair. However, you became a goldfish caretaker; you may be wondering about their feeding habits and what it is that you should be feeding them.
When you go to your local pet store, you are likely going to come across a variety of fish food options. Everything from flakes, pellets and possibly even live plants. But, how healthy are these choices are there other options to be aware of? Let’s find out!

The most obvious goldfish food option would be the fish flakes. Goldfish flakes are a typical household food choice for tanked goldfish. These flakes contain many of the essential nutrients that goldfish require in their daily diets. In fact, you may prefer to feed your goldfish a flake diet as a result of the simple process and easy storage.

Goldfish flakes contain vitamin C, oatmeal, shrimp meal, Soybean oil, fish meal, fish oil, wheat gluten, algae meal, dried yeast, and sorbitol.

What is sorbitol?

Sorbitol is a crystal-like compound that is commonly found in fruits. This crystalline compound is added to the goldfish flakes to add an enticing, sweet flavor.
If you have chosen or believe, you will choose goldfish flakes as your fish food type then you should also be aware of how to feed your goldfish his flaky diet. The best rule of thumb when feeding a goldfish is only to provide what he can consume in two minutes or less. Usually, a small pinch of flakes 2 to 3 times a day, every day is the way to go. However, if your goldfish cannot consume the quantity provided within a few minutes, then it is safe to assume you are feeding him too much. The extra flakes will float to the bottom of the tank, dissolve and begin to cloud the tank water. Avoiding this event is important. Finally, be cautious about how much you are feeding your goldfish. Overfeeding can not only result in a cloudy tank, but it can also cause your Goldie to become overweight and possibly lead to death.


Another common household fish food is goldfish pellets. These little guys are packed with natural proteins and nutrients that are perfect for supporting your goldfish’s immune system. The pellets are commonly made with whole salmon, whole cod, and whole halibut. These fish are added to increase a goldfish’s health and wellness as well as improve their coloring. Other ingredients found in goldfish pellets may include:
Whole Kelp
Wheat flour
Soy flour
Wheat gluten

These components serve as both nutritional benefits and as “fillers” which will help your goldfish stay fuller longer. Fillers will thus reduce the risk of overeating and weight gain. Finally, you should look for a goldfish pellet brand that includes Astaxanthin (a powerful antioxidant that naturally occurs, in particular, marine life) as well as Spirulina (a type of algae that is dried and used to add vitamins and minerals to food).
For best results, feed your goldfish by hand 3 to 5 pellets 2 to 3 times per day.

Options that are standard for wild goldfish:

It may come as a shock to you but, wild goldfish do not eat flakes or pellets. In fact, they eat a large variety of different foods that aid them in their overall health and well-being.
Algae: Algae is usually the sign of a dirty tank and can become dangerous and down right disgusting to look at. However, goldies love it! When they consume a small quantity of algae, they are actually consuming a great source of proteins and many other essential vitamins and minerals.

Small fish: Yes, goldfish (primarily found in the wild) have no problem choosing a smaller fish to call a meal. They particularly enjoy brine shrimp that are another great source of protein.
Veggies: Goldfish that live in a tank need their veggies just as much as wild goldfish do! You can feel confident in adding a piece of lettuce, broccoli or even smashed peas to the top of the tank for your goldie to enjoy. However, do not provide too much as the uneaten veggies will become moldy and will go to waste.

Plants and plant roots: Wild goldfish love to forage for their food. In fact, it is their number one task throughout the day! Goldfish will nibble on the leaves of the plants and sometimes even uncover the roots. The leaves and roots will provide the goldfish with nutrients as well as provide fiber and aid their digestion.
Plants to consider include:
Duckweed (floating plant)

Goldfish can’t get enough of those creepy crawlies. In the wild, goldfish will try to make a meal out of just about anything that lands on top of (or in) the water. One of their personal favorite treats are insects called water fleas. These little guys will find themselves floating on top of a pond, but once they are discovered by the goldfish (or any other fish), they will become someone’s snack pack.
If you have ever gone fishing, then you are well aware that fish love worms! Otherwise, we wouldn’t use them as bait, right? Right! Goldfish, like any other fish, will be drawn to a wriggling worm in the water (with or without the hook). Their worm of choice is called the bloodworm. These reddish colored worms (also referred to as larvae) will provide a goldfish with lots of protein and give the goldfish energy. Feel free to try this with your goldies!

While we are on the subject of larvae, goldfish will consume a variety of different types of larvae to provide their bodies with a well-rounded diet. However, they are known to be enticed by one type of larva in particular. The mosquito larvae. A very special treat for a very special finned friend.
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