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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
My fish Saix has been having some problems. He's covered in black goo, his fins have been tinting red, and his back fin is now half gone. I'm a new fish owner, so I have nowhere to turn to but the internet for answers. Please help! :(

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Housing
What size is your tank? 1 gallon
What temperature is your tank? 75
Does your tank have a filter? no
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration? used to, ran out
Is your tank heated? no
What tank mates does your betta fish live with? none

Food
What type of food do you feed your betta fish? BettaMin
How often do you feed your betta fish? 6 out of 7 days

Maintenance

How often do you perform a water change? once a month
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change? whole tank
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change? NutraFin Aqua plus

Water Parameters:
Have you tested your water? If so, what are the following parameters? ran out of test strips

Ammonia:
Nitrite:
Nitrate:
pH:
Hardness:
Alkalinity:

Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed? he's dirty, has red spots, and half of his tail deteriorated
How has your betta fish's behavior changed? he's a little more lethargic, but he's pretty much his usual friendly self otherwise
When did you start noticing the symptoms? about a month ago, he started getting dirty.
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how? not yet
Does your fish have any history of being ill? no
How old is your fish (approximately)? 5 months
 

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Hmmm.. I noticed you haven't tested for Ammonia and such.
This could mean it is Ammonia burn, meaning your fish is probably stressed as well. I would suggest more often water changes, but keep them and 20 or 50% to keep the water at a perfect pH level.
 

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Discussion Starter · #3 ·
Ok I will buy some test strips tomorrow then and see and post my findings. Thank you!
 

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test strips aren't that accurate. if you can, at least get the liquid test for ammonia.

in a one gallon, once a month isn't good at all! you should be doing water changes at least ever other day. i do agree that it could very well be ammonia burn, or fin rot caused by yucky water. clean water will help his fins better than any meds, so try water changes every day, or every other day, and see if the helps out. :3
 

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Discussion Starter · #5 ·
Ok, so how much should I change per every other day?
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·
Ok. And if there is too much ammonia, is there something I can get to help that?
 

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change 100% of the water every other day. changing any less than that, and you're leaving some of the ammonia in the tank, which eventually builds up. the only way to get rid of ammonia, to my knowledge, is either cycling(which is impossible to do in such a small tank, i believe), or changing the water. if you wanna do less water changes, upgrade Saix to a larger tank. :3
 

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Luim does actually have a very good point, but I would still suggest 80% changes to keep a proper pH level. But yeah maybe 100% is the way to go at this point. Oh, and use conditioner to remove Ammonia after every change. I would suggest "Seachem Betta Basics Conditioner". It's very cheap and probably in every store that relates to pets in some way.
 

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Discussion Starter · #11 ·
Ok, thank you all for your help! I will start doing that and testing the water and tell you how it turns out. I'll probably also save up for a bigger tank lol
 

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Discussion Starter · #12 ·
Got the liquid test today, the water is like 0ppm-0.25ppm. I had some of his old tank water though, so I tested that too. It was 4 ppm. o.o Thank God I got that test!!!
 

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hello!

just to echo what others have said, for a 1 gallon tank, you should at least be doing 100% water changes every other day, and maybe even 50% in between. a bigger tank would be great because you wouldn't have to do so much.

(although i'm sure they were well-intentioned, the person who said 20% is NOT correct! that is not enough for a 1 gallon at all.)

for now, do 100% water changes every day. buy aquarium salt and add 1 tsp per 1 gallon of treated water. make sure the salt is totally dissolved, and the water is at the right temperature before you add it. do the salt treatment for about 10 days, and pray for the best.

also, what water conditioner are you using?? Prime is a good brand, as it not only takes chlorine out, but also ammonia, which can cause bad burns on your fishes fins.

good luck with your little guy! you came to a good place, there are really knowledgeable and kind people here. ^_^
 

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With my personal experience of fin rot, clean water is the key. For minor fin rot, just maintaining clean water is enough with a normal water change schedule, but for severe fin rot, I recommend using aquarium salt for the first week and increasing the water changes. I'm not an expert by any means, but have had experience with fin rot and this was what worked for me.

Your normal water changing routine should be 100% per week with a 50% in between (for 1g-3g tanks).
Treatment for severe fin rot: For the first week I recommend 100% changes every other day with 1tsp of aquarium salt premixed with conditioned water. If the black edges clear up and his fins start to regrow (you will see white/clear tissue on the ends) then you can go back to the normal changing routine (100%per week w/ 50% in between).
 

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hello!

just to echo what others have said, for a 1 gallon tank, you should at least be doing 100% water changes every other day, and maybe even 50% in between. a bigger tank would be great because you wouldn't have to do so much.

(although i'm sure they were well-intentioned, the person who said 20% is NOT correct! that is not enough for a 1 gallon at all.)

for now, do 100% water changes every day. buy aquarium salt and add 1 tsp per 1 gallon of treated water. make sure the salt is totally dissolved, and the water is at the right temperature before you add it. do the salt treatment for about 10 days, and pray for the best.

also, what water conditioner are you using?? Prime is a good brand, as it not only takes chlorine out, but also ammonia, which can cause bad burns on your fishes fins.

good luck with your little guy! you came to a good place, there are really knowledgeable and kind people here. ^_^
+1 :)
 

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Discussion Starter · #16 ·
Ok :D

I can't afford aquarium salt right now, but I will start changing his water a lot, like you said. He already looks a lot happier after a day of being in his new ammonia-free tank! :D It'll take a while for him to heal, but at least I now know how to prevent him from hurting any more than he already has. Thank you all so much!
 

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Discussion Starter · #17 ·
Good news! After being in his clean water environment for a while now, his fins are growing back! Plus, it's been three days since he ate, and now he's eating like he usually does again. Thank you for all your help! I just got some more money, so I will try to go get aquarium salt as soon as I can. :) He even looks happier! I will post pictures when his body heals some more.
 

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So glad to hear your beautiful betta is in recovery!! :)
 

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I'm so glad to hear he's recovering! Lots of water changes is the way to go ^^ Once he heals, you'll still have to do 100% changes every other day. Wouldn't want it to come back!
 
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