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I am sorry to hear about your trouble. I am not able to see any photos of your said betta here. Please fill this questionnaire out as detail as possible so that we can try to understand you and your fish history and to determine what can be improved and what can be done now.

Housing
What size is your tank?
What temperature is your tank?
Does your tank have a filter?
Does your tank have an air stone or other type of aeration?
Is your tank heated?
What tank mates does your betta fish live with?

Food
What type of food do you feed your betta fish?
How often do you feed your betta fish?

Maintenance

How often do you perform a water change?
What percentage of the water do you change when you perform a water change?
What type of additives do you add to the water when you perform a water change?

Water Parameters:
Have you tested your water? If so, what are the following parameters?

Ammonia:
Nitrite:
Nitrate:
pH:
Hardness:
Alkalinity:

Symptoms and Treatment
How has your betta fish's appearance changed?
How has your betta fish's behavior changed?
When did you start noticing the symptoms?
Have you started treating your fish? If so, how?
Does your fish have any history of being ill?
How old is your fish (approximately)?
 

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Thanks for answering the questions and including a photo. We all learn from scratch at some point, and sometimes we were fed the wrong info (esp. by pet store staff) and sometimes we were careless, the only thing we can hope for is that we can try to reverse the damage we have caused. Don't beat yourself up over this, the only thing we can do is move forward :)

Initially the tank size was 2 gal and now you have moved him to a half gal, just think of it as putting him in the hospital tank. The only problem with either one was the water change schedule. Just for your future reference, a 2 gal should have at least a 50% water change midweek and 100% wc end of week. (I personally would do 2 100% wc a week). As for the half gallon, since he is now sick, I would probably do 100% wc every one to 2 days, every day if doing treatment. They should be fed every day, 2-4 times a day (based on your schedule of course). Temperature wise, ideally should be 76 to 80, and most importantly it should not fluctuate by more than 2 degree to avoid shocking their system.

So for now, change his water daily. Get a heater that is adjustable. Try to adjust the heater by slowly increasing the temp, ie 2 degree per day until you reach 78 or so. Are you able to get some frozen blood worms or brineshrimp? They like these type of food. You need to help him keep his strength up which means he needs to eat.

I am sure others will come along to add to whatever i have missed. Are you able to take a close up (upright) photo of these black spots?

Good luck!
 

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He is a handsome boy! That patch of whitish area by his side, is that normal for him? Or has this area slowly getting larger? Can you see the scales clearly? I am not able to determine exactly what is wrong with him, so I would be hesitant to use anything (including salt) at the moment. We know for sure though that the imbalanced in water chemistry was probably the initial cause for his issue, so for now change his water daily in the hospital tank, keep him warm and let him adjust first. Were you able to look for a heater and find frozen food for him?
 

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I wonder if the color changes is just part of his marbling. He is just so cute! I am sorry I am not able to answer about the blacken seams as I don't know of any diseases that could have caused only that (well...I am still learning myself).

You are right, always take the advice of the pet store staff (probably ours too) with a grain of salt. Whatever they say, research it online first and get a general consensus so you know what to do. Freeze dried is fine but they are used as treats as they have the tendency to cause constipation. Some suggest soaking them first before feeding, so that it doesn't expand inside the stomach of the betta causing constipation or bloating. I personally don't use them, as I can get the frozen kind which my boys love to death! For the pellets, you may try to mince some garlic (or buy ready made Garlic Guard at your LFS) and quickly soak the pellets in it and try to feed. If you are doing it yourself, just make sure it's not too much as it might be overwhelming for the betta. The first time I did it myself, some of my boys just had the most comical reaction so I was thinking to myself it might be too "spicy". So try soaking pellets or freeze dried (since you already bought this) or frozen bloodworms into the Garlic Guard to entice his appetite.

Good luck and keep us posted.

Hopefully others will come along and give you suggestions.
 

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Ok i have the heater, but I'm afraid to put it in his hospital tank considering it is only a 1/2 gallon. Also the only one they had at the store small enough for a 2 gallon does not have a dial on it. any suggestions on how to acclimate him to the warmer water. I don't think he has ever been in heated water.

Also the blood worms come in cubes about the size of Fritz's body. Do I cut them up or thaw them first?

Thanks again for all your help.
Glad you got the heater so quickly. As I suggested before, I would test it first on a clean bucket/tank of water to make sure it is working well and the gauge on the heater corresponds with the reading on the thermometer. I was also nervous at first too, I also have a 1/2 gal hospital tank which I am currently using, as mine is tall and narrow, I am able to keep the heater in there nicely, and the temp. does not fluctuate whatsoever. If you have a short and wide tank, then you will have to lay it flat.

What is the current temp your betta is in now? If let's say it's 65F, then set the dial on the heater to 67F (after testing) to start, increase the dial by 2 degree every day until you reach about 78-79. May be someone else have better suggestion, but that's how I would do it.

Yes, the blood worms come in cubes :) When you take one out, cut them into 6 cubes, and only thaw one and put the rest back in the freezer. Some people use the tank water to thaw it, but I just leave mine out in room temp for a bit and then feed directly. Use tweezers to help you handle them, feed one bloodworm at a time, and about 1-3 depending on their sizes and frequency of feeding. Immediately put the rest back in the fridge, seal well and you can keep them for 2 days or so.

Good luck! I am really hoping that heat with daily water change and food will make him feel better. Let us know if his symptoms and behavior change.

Cheers!
 
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